Posts tagged solo travel
Practical Tips for Independent female travellers in Cuba

I remember the day when I made the decision to travel to Cuba: I was standing in the Sony Travel Photography Award Exhibition in London; among the hundreds of photos exhibited, the ones caught my eyes (and my heart) are a series on Cuba. The genuine smiles from people and its vibrant streets filled me with happiness. So, this winter, I boarded a plane to Havana, Cuba to start a 2-week trip.

Trinidad, Cuba

Trinidad, Cuba

The country is changing rapidly. I’ve done some research before I went but was surprised to find many things changed from travel guides. In this post, I will focus on some essentials that will help you to get the best out of your trip to Cuba as a solo female traveller.

Get your Tourist Card in advance. It is best to get this piece of paper in hand before you travel just to avoid any hassle. It’s only takes a couple of minutes to apply online and costs around £20-35 (depending on the service you choose). Just remember to leave enough time for it to arrive in post as it is a physical document.

Example of Cuba Tourist Card

Example of Cuba Tourist Card

Pack a bit more than your other trips. I am a light-packer, can usually survive a 2-week trip with just a small backpack. Though I’d suggest you pack a bit bigger bag for Cuba: you will otherwise struggle to find many basic things or queue for a long time to get them.

Bring your nice dresses. Cubans put a lot of attention to their attire. You do not need to dress down there, so pack your best dresses with you. The locals do see your nice dresses as a sign of respect to them.

Learn Spanish (at least the basics). Cubans are very welcoming and patient when it comes to communication. You don’t need to speak Spanish to get your way around. But if you want to get the most from your trip (eg. getting recommendation from locals, hearing their life stories and the country’s history), you will need to speak some Spanish. Even if only very basic or broken, the Cubans will make the effort to understand. Ensure you download Google Translation’s Spanish offline package before you trip.

Get familiar with the currency.  Cuba works on a dual currency system. As a foreigner, you will need to exchange CUC when you arrive (try to avoid US dollars as you’ll pay a “tax” on top of the exchange rate). It is important to know the difference between CUC and Cuba Peso: when you spend CUC, you will many times get changes in Peso, don’t be fooled if someone try to trick you with 1 Peso as a CUC.

Cuban Currency

Where to exchange. When travel to most places in the world, I avoid exchanging money at airports as it is often the most expensive. Though in Cuba, airport is one of the best places to exchange money: there is a very short queue and the exchange rate is only marginally higher from the bank. For example, when I arrived, rate at airport was 1.104 v.s. hotel’s 1.04 (worst) v.s. banco 1.114 (best). When you first arrive, you may think you don’t mind to get to the city to get a bit better rate, but wait until you see the queue at the door… You can easily spend a couple of hours queuing up.

Stay at Casa Particulars. The family you stay with will not only be your host, but also your contact point for everything. You can ask them about where to go to, get an idea of prices of everything, organise tours and transports. If you pay a bit extra, many will cook a home-made meal for you in the evening and invite you to join the family dinner with some rum and salsa. One of the best parties I’ve had was with one of my host family in Havana at their home! When it comes to choosing which casa, I’d say: host > location > room.

Look out for this sign

Look out for this sign

Find a casa to stay. Almost everyone who’s been there would say that you don’t really need to book anything in advance. I was suspicious until I landed: the signs of casa are almost on every other door. If you like the look and location of a building, just knock on the door and ask whether you can see the room. Even if that casa may not have any room for the night, they’d for sure recommend you to some other place that is similar with the same price. If you are not sure, just tell them and walk away to the next one; they won’t feel offended.

Transport within the city. Depending on where you are, you’d mostly rely on your feet and taxis. In big cities like Havana, some taxi driver may trick you with a higher-than-average price. When you first arrive, get an understanding of the standard charges by asking your host, other tourists, or at Infotur.

Bus transfers between cities Viazul is the bus operates for tourists between cities. The buses are air-conditioned, modern and comfortable. Though during peak season, you will need to book way in advance (at least 2-3 weeks). A secret tip I learnt if you want to get a seat without advanced booking: arrive one hour before the departure time on the day of travel; often there are untaken seats, and as a solo traveller – it is for you to grab. Even if there are no seats, you can easily find other people to share a taxi with there.

Move between cities with taxi collectivo. It is basically a taxi that shared by several people depending on how big the car is and how lucky the drive is in getting passengers. You only need to book them one day in advance through your host or just wander towards the bus station – the price is quite standard from most drivers. Remember, you MUST get the driver’s phone number, so you can call in case of no-show or late (and trust me, it happens all the time).

Online & offline. Be prepared to be offline most of your time at Cuba, which is a real blessing. To get online, you will need to buy internet cards (1 CUC per hour), and find hotspots in town. The hotspots are easy to find, just look around for a square/park where everyone’s sitting and looking at their handset.

Food and drinks. Cubans are used to simple meals and they don’t like spicy food. Most Cuba restaurants offer similar menus. I was told to keep my expectation low on Cuban food but to my pleasant surprise, I’ve had some excellent local cuisines and enjoyed some good Italian, America, even Russian food there. Tap water is clean enough to drink – I did try it a couple of times. But to be safe, I’d recommend bottled water.

Typical Cuban food

Typical Cuban food

I’ve also bought food from the street stalls: roasted pork and grilled chicken without having any stomach problems. Though if you do have a sensitive digestion system, I’d suggest you stick with restaurants or your host’s home-cooked meals (breakfast is offered at most casas for a cost of $5CUC per person, while lunch/dinner ranging from $8-15CUC).

A hearty homemade Cuban breakfast

A hearty homemade Cuban breakfast

Don’t expect that you can use the kitchen to cook. Even if some host may allow you to use the kitchen, you will struggle to buy ingredients to cook with.

Taking photos of people. Most people will smile at you when they see you pointing your lens to them. The Cubans are super friendly. Though you should always try to ask for permission and after the photo, leave some tips to show your appreciation.

Understanding the local prices. Prices of things/services can differ quite a lot, depending where you get it. For example, a bottle of water can cost 1CUC on the street and 0.25 in a “supermarket”; a horseback riding tour may cost $15CUC if you book directly with a farm owner and your host will ask for $25 as there will be an “agency fee”.

My recommendation is when you first arrive at a new city, pay a visit to Infotur and ask about the price standard too get an idea. It is always better to book directly with someone rather than through someone – as you’ll likely to be charged a higher fee.

Though the most important thing is enjoying your trip. Even if you do pay a slightly higher fee, it does go to someone who probably in need.

Tips get you further. Remember to always have some changes on you. Not all Cubans are privileged to take advantage of the blooming tourism. If someone has helped you, gave you a good service, made you laugh, leave them something to show your gratitude which will help them.

Where to party. Every city has some place(s) where live music played every night. These places are either free or very cheap ($1CUC) to enter. If you love salsa, then it is heaven for you. Many local people are there to enjoy the night. Though as a foreign woman, you may be target for local men – some do unfortunately see you as an opportunity to get out and they can be difficult to get rid of. If you end up in such situation, say that you came with friends, and ask other tourists to help you. If anyone goes too far, ask the bartender for help.

Don’t forget, one of the best party venue can be your casa! I have stayed in a couple of places where the hosts turn on music when they cook and invitde guests to dance together over some rum (a bottle of rum as gift is always welcomed).

Staying safe: As a woman, I was confident and comfortable enough to walk the streets even at 2am in the morning in the city centre. Of course, I’d not recommend it to other women, but it does demonstrate how safe it is. Tourism is the most important industry for Cuba, the government make all the effort to make sure tourists feel safe and welcoming. Crimes target at tourists are extremely rare, though there can be some common scams (eg. Cigar festival, unexpected cab fare, over friendly locals). Just remember: if something sounds too good to be true or special just for you, it probably because it is not; and always agree on the price beforehand whatever you do.

Connect with other travellers. Maybe the friendly atmosphere change people. When in Cuba, travellers love to talk with each other. It really did not feel like a solo trip: I chat with my hosts, people on streets, travellers sitting next to the table or stand next to me in queue, travellers who were on the same tour etc. You may not have internet connection there, but you will be truly connected with people there.

Last but not least on my list: Do not judge. Cuba is a different country. It is easy to judge what you see or experience. Just remember, your perspective is only valid for yourself and based on your background. Go with open eyes and an open heart, and you will experience life a bit differently over there.


At Solocal Travel, we are building a secure platform that empowers women to explore, learn and grow via travelling meaningfully. We are live in London now. We invite you to support us in the following ways:

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A solo traveller's survival guide for long-haul economy flights
photo-1505164294036-5fad98506d20.jpg

Exploring exotic places and cultures sound exciting, except the seemingly endless time spent in a narrow seat on the long-haul flight taking you there. It seems even worse for a solo traveller, as you wouldn't have a shoulder to lean on, or a companion to chat with. We have asked some of the most frequent long-haul flyers for some tips to make the journey as comfy as possible.

We will skip the obvious ones like getting an aisle seat, wearing soft cotton clothes, bringing a pair of socks, and just focus on the less-known and super handy ones:

Get the best seat possible

If you can, do not leave your seat choice to the airline, try to reserve a seat as soon as it opens. Here's the secret weapon: SeatGuru. Just enter the name of airline, flight number and date, it will automatically show you which seats are the best and the ones to avoid. Here is an example: it does not just show which seats are good/bad, but also the amenities of each seat and the reason why it is bad/good. It is free to use, make sure you check this before booking your seat.

Seatguru

Food and nutrition ready

The long-haul flights often cause your stomach to rock, and airline food does not help. Always bring some snacks or meals onto the plane so you do not need to starve or risk the food quality. We recommend packaged soup- as you can eat it hot and it's easy to digest.

Food with vitamin B help to release stress, and vitamin C help to boost the immune system. Why not carry some soluble tablets which will support your well-being throughout your entire trip.

Stay hydrated

Due to the pressurised cabins, air is very dry. Don't only drink water when you feel thirsty, drink plenty regularly. The cups served onboard are pretty small, so we recommend you bring a bottle on board and ask the cabin crew to fill it so you always have something to drink.

Take a breathing mask with you. This does not only protect you from the gems in the aircraft, you can also wear it damp which help your breathing system to stay hydrated.

Healthy skin

Bring lip balm, moisturizer (mist will be great as it works on both face and hair) and eye-drop to help your skin combat the dry air. We've seen women using face masks during the flight - it is, of course, good for your skin, but if you do not want to attract much attention, try sink-in mask.

And here's the fact few know about: when you are high up in the air, you are exposed to higher level UAV and UAB rays. So if you have a seat close to the window, apply sun cream before your travel.

Dress to get comfy

Take off your bra before the flight - it does not help blood circulation and will only make you super uncomfortable. Wear knee-high compression/flight socks which improve blood circulation and help your legs to feel lighter.  And always bring a scarf with you as it's so versatile - be a blanket, seat cushion, pillow etc.

Sleep tight

This is a tough one, but we still found some tools to help you get some sleep.

Get a good travel pillow. There are so many in the markets which all claim to give you a good sleep during your flight. We tested many and narrowed it down to two really worked. 1) Trtl pillow: it wraps around your neck and provides neck support. It's light weight but the cons are: the shape of it makes it a bit difficult to pack into your small backpack; it can get quite hot. 2) Travel Head Pillow: made from memory foam, it also supports your neck sideways. We absolutely love it, it supports without any discomfort, though it is quite large to carry around.

Download guided meditation or hypnosis. When you feel stressed or cannot sleep, listening to those will help you to relax and fall asleep.

Buy a 3D eye mask. Its moulded design does not press against your eyes during sleep, and you'd hardly feel it once on 

Plan your sleep in advance to minimize jet lag. This website actually helps you plan your ideal sleeping period during your flight.

Get active

Go for a walk and stretch as often as you can. Even if you have a window or middles seat and do not want to bother others, there're still some stretches you can do just in your own seat. Check Vibrant Yogini for the instructions.

 

Try to enjoy it

Phone off, no disturbance, why not take this time for yourself? Read a book you had on your reading list, reflect your thoughts, watch some films you added to your Netflix watchlist. Don't just think this a painful journey to some destination, but time gifted to you. Try to make the best of it.

Do we need to look fabulous to travel? Travel in the age of Social Media

It’s 22:05, I opened my Instagram and surfed through the most recent photos displayed on the Explore Feed. It is a familiar scene: gorgeous girls in perfect shape posing to the camera (among cute animals and kids).

A snapshot of my 'Explore' feed

A snapshot of my 'Explore' feed

We have been in search of “authentic” travel photos by women to feature on our account, representing women from different backgrounds, but struggled with the seemingly easy task.

Don’t get me wrong, we do not hate those ‘perfect’ photos. They are absolutely wonderful, but a world filled of them is far from reality and has painted the wrong picture… Just based on this snapshot, it seems like we live in a world of those girls, and only those girls travel! We start to ask the question: do we need to look fabulous to travel and to share? Of course we do not. And here’s why ‘picture perfect’ social media can be troublesome:

Is there a beauty standard?

There should not be one standard for being beautiful. As we travel around the world, we know people from different cultures view beauty differently. But as the popularity of Western media rapidly spreading, we see the influence of it worldwide (a perceived beauty in China in 1960s v.s. now).

Beauty in China 1960s v.s. 2010s

Beauty in China 1960s v.s. 2010s

What’s more, we are all individuals, and there’s no standard whatsoever – as long as we are ourselves and confident, that’s beautiful. And that’s the beauty needs to be shared: being different, being individual, being loving and confident!

Remember the Beach Body advert from Protein World?

Remember the Beach Body advert from Protein World?

We love the Real Beauty campaign from Dove

We love the Real Beauty campaign from Dove

But some of it is actually good: being fit. You do see lots of outdoors and fitness posts. Only they should not be about getting the so-called perfect body (/slim), but a healthy one which we are comfortable and confident in.

Depression haunted social media generation

A recent survey revealed that regular usage of Instagram is associated with low self-esteem, poor body image and lack of sleep. Unfortunately, it does not seem to make us happier, but quite the opposite – it causes depression, especially among young women. No wonder! 5 minutes in, I started to question my body! Thank god that my husband does not use Instagram, or I may have him point to one of these perfect bodies and asking me ‘why don’t you make some effort and look like that?'. It can even lead to a nasty divorce :P

Life’s viewed through the lens

“Happiness is only real when shared”, the boom of social media has given it a new meaning. Many people nowadays do things only because they can be shared. Last week when I was in Croatia, I hit the thunderstorm. I watched a group of girls ran into a super market, then started Facebook Live and one of them jumped into the rain and started to spin. Could she have done it if it could not be shared?

Earlier this year, I was in a beautiful beach in Costa Rica, and during the 2 hours we were there, we watched a pretty girl taking photos in different poses for a full hour and then left. I am not saying that’s not the right thing to do. If she’s really happy about it, and remembers the time, sure. But some of us do care more about what’s shown in through the lens (of others) than through our own eyes. Just choose whatever suits you the best.

It seems all about 'Me', but actually it is all about 'Others', nothing about 'Me'. 

It seems all about 'Me', but actually it is all about 'Others', nothing about 'Me'. 

Social media have empowered each of us to be a broadcasting channel. It is up to us what we present to the world, and what we like and follow. At Solocal, we choose to be authentic and encourage diversity. What’s your choice? Just follow your heart, not others.


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Why I Travel

I started writing this post with the title "why we travel" though I don't think I have the right to say "we" as every one of us travel for different reasons, and each individual reason is no better than the other.

I put travelling in the same category as reading. As an individual, one is conditioned by the environment you grow up in, by the people you make daily interactions with, and by the experience one is living. Reading and travelling are two activities that help us jump out of the environment we are used to in order to experience a different type of life.

read travel.jpg

My journey while growing up was smooth. My parents are doctors, so I always went to the best schools and always stayed on top of my classes. I used to think there was no other world beyond this little circle of mine - or I simply didn't pay any interest as it felt far away and irrelevant. When I was a teenager, my dream then was to live in a house with my best friends in no other place than my home town. Back then I hated travelling. This is because I saw going somewhere else as being away from my friends.

My first year in the UK brought me a lot of changes. It was the first time I made friends with people from different parts of the world. It was during my discussion with them that I realised how limited my view of the world was, and how different life can really be. I was amazed with the open mindedness shown by some of them; they simply do not judge other people's views, but instead, try to understand them -when all I did was try to stubbornly prove myself right. I grew more fascinated with the different perspectives life had to offer and I wanted to see them with my own eyes. That was when I fell in love with travelling.

But when I started travelling, it was done in "Chinese style". It was like a competition of how many places you could squeeze into a day. The urge to see the world and experience more within a limited time drove it (in China, there's only 10-day annual leave). The privilege a lot of people enjoy here (holidays, transport, visa-free, etc.) are simply not enjoyed in China. So please, when next you see a group of Chinese tourists, do not judge them.

I have friends who are always proud to announce the number of countries they've been to. While I'm proud of them, what makes me proud of myself is not the number of places I've been to, it's the number of friends I've made and the number of people I've met along the way. Now when I travel, I would happily spend a few days with a new local friend I have made rather than rushing off to see more sights. I learnt how to trust the people I meet on the road and how to accept their warm hearts. Some of my most treasured memories would not have happened without them; like staying in a temple at Old Bagan and meditating with the monks and people, or being taken on a scooter to see the most thrilling and amazing sunrise with no other soul in sight.

The world is without limits. The more I travel, the more I know that there are so many things I do not know yet. The more people I meet, the more I learn about human kindness and the deep connection we all share. The more places I go to, the more I understand that freedom is not about physically being on the road, but about mentally being on the road.

That is why for me, travelling is about finding my true self. Through the people I’ve met, I’ve had the opportunity to temporarily enter into someone else's life and experience it so I can learn to see the world from a different perspective; to feel from where my heart really lays rather than what my mind has been conditioned to believe.

travel alone meet friends

This is what I call true freedom, and this is why I travel and why I love solo travel. Someday my body may not allow me to be on the road but my heart and mind will never stop.


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Stay hygienic on the road - Essential packing list for women travellers

Travelling is fun. But a lot of us, women travellers in particular, have experienced some upsetting situations during our trips, some of these include a dirty toilet, running out of feminine products, etc. Below is a list of things that can really help you stay hygienic and confident but are usually overlooked when you are packing for your trip.

packing list for women travellers

HAND SANITIZER

This is one thing that should be on top of our list. We use our hands to do a lot of things; it is only important that we ensure they are free from germs. When we are in the mountains or in a rural village, getting clean water and soap usually seems difficult as they are not always within reach. Therefore, you need to ensure that you carry a small bottle of hand sanitizer with you. Sanitizers do not only clean hands, they clean surfaces too.

*Tip - Public transport (including airplane) are normally filled with different types of germs. Clean your hand often during a long-haul train or a long flight, and also avoid touching surfaces except when necessary.

POCKET TISSUES

You are probably used to having toilet paper and tissues as part of your daily life. But this isn't the case everywhere around the globe. I've been in some awkward situations where I had to ask people 'next door' for some dry paper. Simply carry a pack of pocket tissue with you all the time. 

MENSTRUAL CUP

I made the decision to replace my tampons with menstrual cups just last year, and I'm impressed! There are a lot advantages to be derived from doing this. First off, it holds a lot more than a tampon or pad -unless you're having a very heavy flow. You only need to change it when you wake up and before going to bed. It's comes in very handy when you're on the road. It is also very hygienic; you do not need to worry about bad smells or infections after a long day without changing it. It is also quite compact; you only need to carry one in your bag and worry less about when your unexpected friend comes to visit. And to top it all, it's environmental friendly as it creates a lot less waste.

*Tips: 1) Always wash your hands before using the cup. 2) If you cannot find a microwave or a hob to sterilize it, use your hand sanitizer! 3) If you are changing in a public toilet, carry a bottle of water with you in order to rinse it. And if you do not have water, simply wipe it with tissue.

SHEWEE - FEMALE URINE DEVICE

This is one device a lot of us have probably not tried on. I didn't understand the purpose of this device until I had no choice but to use a toilet that's so disgusting, you wouldn't want your skin or bottom to touch any part of it. This device is an essential device as it is good for situations where you cannot find a proper place to urinate. It allows you to do your business while standing up. Additionally, you do not need to venture too far off the path before being able to finish your business when in urgent need; this simply makes it safer.

*Tip - Carry it in a separate plastic bag or case as you may not be able to wash it clean every time you use it.

VAGISIL CREAM OR ANY SIMILAR PRODUCT

Just pack it with your other medications. Sometimes, the humidity and long day activities can cause irritations. Although it's best to seek medical help, this cream will help you relieve the symptom so you can continue enjoying your trip.

*Tip - Avoid wearing thongs or G-strings during the day. There's a higher chance you'll get irritated when you wear these clothing, unlike when you wear briefs.

CONDOM

Always have a condom with you, even if you don't expect your trip to involve any sexual activity. This is for your own safety. Things can happen when we least expect them (the chances are small but we should be always prepared). Should we end up in an unexpected situation, at least we'll have protection.

Is there anything else you think can help us women while we're on the road? Leave a comment below so others can become knowledgeable about it.


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Love the sea? Be a responsible ocean traveller

Summertime is here again in Europe. For many of us, this means sunshine and the sea. Tell me, who doesn't love the see? Its vastness, peace, and refreshment... Last week, I pampered myself by taking a diving holiday in the Red Sea.

I love diving. It's not just a getaway to a different place, but to a whole different world. The sea life displaying beauty all around you while you float in the water. The visibility I experienced in the Red Sea was great -20 meters. However, the locals told me that the visibility has significantly reduced over the course of the last ten years. While the blooming tourism has presented the locals with lots of opportunities, our behavior is costing us the environment.

This reminds me of the trip I took to Indonesia last year, I saw the once crystal clear sea turned into a belt of floating rubbish. This really broke my heart. Underwater, there was debris, clearly visible to the eye, floating all around. All of these were not there when I had first visited the place five years ago.

We love our homes and with the sea being the mother of all life, it also serves as our home. Treating it with love and care should be on our priority list. Traveling the ocean in a responsible manner is one thing that's very easy to do, the only thing is, most of us are not aware of how to go about it. Therefore, I have compiled some tips below to ensure that we travel the ocean responsibly.

SEE BUT DO NOT TOUCH

This rule applies to all see life -the ones in the water and those on the beach. Even if you put them back, picking them up or touching them in the first place have already disturbed their way of life, or worse, destroyed it. Be aware of your surroundings whenever you are in the water – swimming, diving or snorkelling, for the sea life and also for our own safety.

DO NOT LITTER

There are thousands of sea lives dying as a result of the rubbish that we produce and dump into the sea. In order to minimize this, ensure that you clean up after yourself. Do not leave even the tiniest bit of rubbish behind as even these can be very dangerous to sea creatures. And as a contribution to having a clean ocean, whenever you see rubbish lying around, do your best by picking it up and disposing it properly.

DO NOT FEED THE FISHES

I have to admit that I have done this a few times in the past years. I enjoyed having the fishes around me and thought giving them food was a positive action. It was recently that I learned how harmful this can be; it can cause behavioural change of the fishes that they get use to human feeding, thus change their natural diet. This eventually will lead to lack of necessary nutrients. In addition, not all types of fish eat human food, constant feeding in one area means certain types of fish would over-populate, and over time, the ecosystem will be changed forever.

DO NOT STEP ON CORALS

Corals are not stones, they are living things! A touch can kill the reef, thereby destroying the whole ecosystem dependent on it. And there’s safety concerns: the sharp edges can also hurt you.

DO NOT SEE ANY ANIMAL PERFORMANCE

Sharks and dolphins do not belong in swimming pools, but in the sea. If you know you want to see them, look for a natural way of viewing these beautiful and lovely animals. Avoid any and every performance that subjects them to the entertainment of other people. Also avoid tours where they "chum" the water or use different feeding methods to lure them in.

OCEAN FRIENDLY SUN CREAM

This is one thing that's often over-looked. The chemical products from most commercial brands will destroy the lives of reefs and other sea creatures. Think about the amount of sun screen thousands of people on the beach are pouring into the sea each and every day.

How do you buy a sunscreen that's ocean friendly then? What you need to do is ensure that the sunscreen you are buying doesn't contain these reef-damaging substances, including Oxybenzone, butylparaben, octinoxate, and 4-methylbenzylidine camphor. Look for a product that uses sunblock such as zinc oxide and titanium dioxide instead of chemical one.

SPEAK UP

This one is quite difficult to do and I've sometimes felt self conscious as a solo female traveller. When you see that someone is doing something harmful to sea creatures, do speak up. Not to start an argument with them or go into fits of criticism, but to politely correct them with a gentle tone. Do not become offended or angry. When you see people throw different things around, pick those things up in their presence. It's not like most of us do not care, we simply are not aware of the harm we are causing. And since we were once in that ignorant position, we should be understanding, accommodating, and be able to properly guide others.

If you want to take it a step further by taking actions when you get back home, you can go through this article from National Geographic; it will definitely help a lot.

http://ocean.nationalgeographic.com/ocean/take-action/10-things-you-can-do-to-save-the-ocean/

 

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